All About Bunion Removal Surgery (Bunionectomy)

5 March 2023 0 Comments

Are you considering bunion removal surgery (bunionectomy)? This procedure is designed to correct the misalignment of the big toe, which can cause a range of painful symptoms. It is important to understand what this surgery entails before committing to it, so let’s take a look at all about bunion removal surgery and what it involves.Bunionectomy is a surgical procedure used to correct the deformity caused by bunions, which are bony growths that form at the base of the big toe. This condition can cause pain, inflammation, and difficulty with walking or engaging in activities. Through a bunionectomy, the bony growth is removed and the toe is realigned.

This article will provide an overview of bunion removal surgery and its associated steps. You will learn about the different types of bunionectomies, the risks and benefits associated with them, and what to expect before, during, and after the procedure.

What Are Bunions and Why Do They Occur?

Bunions are a common foot condition caused by a deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe. This deformity causes the big toe to angle inwards, creating a bony bump on the outer side of the foot. Bunions can cause pain and difficulty walking, but can often be treated with surgery.The exact cause of bunions is not known, but some risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing them.

Genetics may play a role, as bunions tend to run in families. Wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes can also be a factor, as can previous trauma or injury to the foot.Those with flat feet or high arches, rheumatoid arthritis, or neuromuscular conditions may also be more likely to develop bunions. People who spend a lot of time on their feet or engage in activities that put stress on the feet are also at increased risk.

When to See a Doctor

It is important to seek medical advice if you experience any kind of bunion-related issues. Common signs that may indicate you need to see a doctor for bunion removal surgery include redness, swelling, and persistent pain that does not improve with over-the-counter medications.

A doctor can examine the bunion and recommend the best treatment option for your condition.If you are experiencing significant pain and discomfort from a bunion, it is important to speak with your doctor about bunion removal surgery. They will be able to provide more information about the potential risks and benefits of the procedure, as well as what to expect during the surgery and after.

The Different Types of Bunion Removal Surgery

When it comes to bunion removal surgery, there are several different types available, each with its own benefits and risks. The traditional open procedure, also known as a bunionectomy, is the most commonly used approach.

This procedure involves cutting and removing a section of bone and tissue, realigning the toe joint, and repairing the tendons and ligaments.Minimally invasive endoscopic procedures are an alternative to the traditional open bunionectomy. This procedure involves making a few small incisions in the foot and inserting a thin camera to view the toe joint. The surgeon then manipulates the bones and tissues to correct the bunion. This approach is less invasive than the traditional open procedure, and typically has shorter recovery times.Arthroscopic procedures are another option for bunion removal surgery.

This approach uses a special camera and small tools to view and manipulate the bones and tissues inside the foot. This procedure is less invasive than the open procedure and can be used to treat more severe bunions.Each type of bunion removal surgery has its own advantages and drawbacks. The traditional open procedure is generally more effective in correcting bunions, but it is also more invasive and has a longer recovery time. Minimally invasive endoscopic procedures are less invasive, but may not be as effective in correcting severe bunions.

Arthroscopic procedures are typically used for more severe cases, but may have a slightly longer recovery time than other types of bunion removal surgery.

Recovery Tips for After Bunion Removal Surgery

Pain ManagementPain management is an important part of recovery after bunion removal surgery. This may include taking medications prescribed by your doctor, such as over-the-counter pain relievers, or engaging in physical therapy to help reduce pain and swelling. Your doctor will also likely advise you to rest and avoid putting pressure on the area for a period of time.

Wound Care

Once the surgery is complete, it is important to keep the area clean and dry. This may involve using bandages or other dressings, as well as cleaning the wound regularly with soap and water.

Your doctor may also recommend an ointment or antibiotic cream to prevent infection.

Protective Footwear

When recovering from bunion removal surgery, it is important to wear protective footwear. This may include custom orthotics or supportive shoes that provide cushioning and support to the area, while also preventing further irritation or damage to the area. Additionally, your doctor may recommend avoiding certain activities, such as running or high-impact exercises, until the area is fully healed.

The Risks and Benefits of Bunion Removal Surgery

Bunion removal surgery, also known as bunionectomy, can help to alleviate the symptoms of bunions such as pain, discomfort, and difficulty walking. While the procedure is generally safe, it does carry some risks, as well as potential benefits.

It is important for anyone considering bunion removal surgery to understand both the risks and benefits associated with the procedure.

Risks of Bunion Removal Surgery:

As with any surgical procedure, there are certain risks associated with bunion removal surgery. These include infection, nerve damage, scarring, and recurrence of the bunion. Additionally, there is a risk of developing postoperative arthritis in the affected joint. It is important to discuss these risks with your doctor before undergoing bunion removal surgery.

Benefits of Bunion Removal Surgery:

The potential benefits of bunion removal surgery include improved mobility and pain relief.

In addition, the procedure can help to reduce the risk of developing additional bunions or other deformities in the future. Furthermore, bunion removal surgery can help to alleviate symptoms such as swelling and redness in the affected area.It is important to weigh the risks and benefits of bunion removal surgery before making a decision. Your doctor can help you to understand the potential risks and benefits and determine whether the procedure is right for you.

Alternative Treatments for Bunions

Alternative Treatments for Bunions – There are a variety of treatments available for bunions which do not involve surgery. Lifestyle changes, non-surgical treatments, physical therapy, over-the-counter medications and other treatments are all options that can be considered to help alleviate pain and discomfort from bunions.Lifestyle changes such as wearing wider shoes or stretching can help reduce the pressure on the bunion and improve comfort.

Non-surgical treatments such as custom orthotics or splints can help to realign the toes and may provide relief from pain and discomfort. Physical therapy, such as massage or strengthening exercises, can help to improve mobility and range of motion in the foot.Over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help to reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief from pain. Additionally, other treatments such as steroid injections or laser therapy may be prescribed by a doctor to help reduce inflammation and provide long-term relief.It is important to talk with a doctor before starting any treatment for bunions. They can advise you on the best course of action and help create a personalized treatment plan that works for you.

What to Expect Before, During, and After Bunion Removal Surgery

Pre-Operative Preparation Before undergoing bunion removal surgery, patients may need to undergo X-rays or other tests to help the doctor assess the condition of the foot.

The doctor may also discuss the patient’s medical history and medications, as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking or alcohol use. Patients should tell their doctor if they have any allergies or if they have any illnesses that may interfere with their recovery.

During the Procedure

During bunion removal surgery, the patient will be given anesthesia to keep them comfortable and prevent pain. The surgeon will make incisions in the skin over the bunion and then cut away the excess bone.

The foot may be realigned and held in place with screws, wires, or plates. The incisions are then closed with stitches.


After the surgery, patients will need to follow their doctor’s instructions for wound care and pain management. They should keep the wound clean and dry and may need to wear a special shoe or cast for a few weeks. It may take several weeks for swelling and pain to subside.

Patients should also avoid strenuous activity until their doctor says it is safe.


As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of complications with bunion removal surgery. These include infection, nerve damage, and poor healing. Patients should talk to their doctor about any concerns they have before undergoing the procedure.